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Tuesday, May 05, 2015

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Piano Concerto No.20 in D minor – Jan Lisiecki, Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Stanisław Skrowaczewski

Το Κοντσέρτο για πιάνο αρ. 20 σε Ρε ελάσσονα, έργο 466 του Βόλφγκανγκ Αμαντέους Μότσαρτ, ερμηνεύει ο 20χρονος Πολωνοκαναδός πιανίστας-φαινόμενο Γιαν Λισιέτσκι. Τη Συμφωνική Ορχήστρα του Γκέτεμποργκ διευθύνει ο 92χρονος Πολωνός αρχιμουσικός Stanisław Skrowaczewski.

Στις αρχές του 1785, ο 29χρονος Βόλφγκανγκ Αμαντέους Μότσαρτ, στην ακμή της δημιουργικότητάς του, έγραψε το Κοντσέρτο για πιάνο αρ. 20 σε Ρε ελάσσονα, το οποίο φέρει τον αριθμό 466 στην εργογραφία του, που συνέταξε ο Γερμανός μουσικολόγος Λούντβιχ φον Κέχελ (1800-1877). Το κοντσέρτο αυτό, από τα σκοτεινά έργα του Μότσαρτ, παρουσιάστηκε για πρώτη φορά με τον ίδιο στο πιάνο στις 11 Φεβρουαρίου του 1785 στο Καζίνο της Βιένης.

Το έργο είναι ενορχηστρωμένο για σόλο πιάνο, φλάουτο, δύο όμποε, δύο φαγκότα, δύο κόρνα, δύο τρομπέτες, τύμπανα και έγχορδα. Ήταν ένα από τα αγαπημένα έργα του νεαρού Λούντβιχ βαν Μπετόβεν ο οποίος το είχε συμπεριλάβει στο ρεπερτόριό του.



Jan Lisiecki performs Mozart's Piano Concerto No.20 with Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra under Stanisław Skrowaczewski. Concert Master is Per Enoksson. Recorded in Gothenburg Concert Hall on February 19, 2015.

The eminent scholar H. C. Robbins Landon called Mozart's decade in Vienna (1781-1791) the composer's "golden years" in the title of one of his publications. In the first five or six years of that period, Mozart was in the center of the imperial capital's musical life. His works, pouring forth from his pen at an astonishing speed, were performed and admired. He made many friends among the influential Viennese aristocracy and high bourgeoisie, and even the emperor, Joseph II, followed his activities with interest (even though Mozart never received the court position he was hoping for). In short, as Landon writes, "Mozart's name was on every tongue".

Mozart's Piano Concerto No.20 – one of only two written in a minor key – is one of his most "Romantic" works. The minor mode had a special meaning to the Viennese classics, in whose works the choice of a minor key goes hand in hand with a heightened sense of drama and a whole set of specific harmonic, rhythmic and textural devices that we don't often encounter in compositions written in the major. It is in such works that we may perceive the first signs of musical Romanticism, before it became the dominant style of the early 1800s. The D minor was the only Mozart concerto Beethoven ever performed (he even wrote down the cadenza he played in it). This work appealed to 19th-century ears more than any of the other concertos; it reminded listeners of Mozart's opera Don Giovanni, which shares the concerto's principal key and its dramatic intensity.

Like most of the piano concertos Mozart composed for his own use at his subscription series in Vienna (a total of 14 works), the D minor was written in great haste and completed just a few days before the performance. Mozart's father Leopold, himself a decent composer and renowned violinist, was visiting from Salzburg at the time, and wrote to his daughter Anna Maria (Nannerl), a talented pianist, after the concert: "…Then we heard a new and very fine concerto by Wolfgang, where the copyist was still copying when we arrived, and the rondo of which your brother didn't even have time to play through, as he had to supervise the copying".

The unique character of the concerto is apparent from the start. Whereas most Mozart concertos begin either with a powerful statement for full orchestra or a soft lyrical melody, the D minor opens with more amorphous material: a syncopated rhythm on a single repeated note that only gradually evolves into a recognizable theme. Syncopations (that is, important notes that don't fall on the strong part of the beat) and chromatic pitches (outside the ones that make up the main key) are two of the "irregular" features prominent throughout this Allegro. The entrance of the solo piano, on a new theme filled with intense pain and longing, adcdcs a new dimension to the movement's emotional range. The tension is so strong that a coda of unusual length is required after the cadenza before the music can calm down.

The second movement "Romanza", in B flat major, is lyrical and peaceful, or so it seems at the beginning. Its G minor middle section, however, thrusts us right bak into the stormy atmosphere of the first movement. (In his excellent book on Mozart, Maynard Solomon memorably calls this section "trouble in Paradise".) Mozart connects this agitated passage to the return of the serene opening theme with inimitable mastery: the note values in the solo piano part become gradually longer while the harmonies smoothly shift from G minor back to the original B flat major.

The final Rondo returns to the impassioned mood of the first movement, but moves from there to a brighter, more cheerful section in D major, representing, in the words of a previous commentator, "a victory of serenity over the tumultuous anxiety of earlier moments".

Source: Peter Laki (kennedy-center.org)



Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)

♪ Piano Concerto No.20 in D minor, K.466 (1785)

i. Allegro
ii. Romance
iii. Rondo. Allegro assai

Jan Lisiecki, piano

Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
Μουσική διεύθυνση (Conductor): Stanisław Skrowaczewski

Gothenburg Concert Hall, February 19, 2015 (19 Φεβρουαρίου 2015)

(HD 720p)

Πρώτη δημοσίευση: 5 Μαΐου 2015 – First publication: May 5, 2015
Τελευταία ενημέρωση: 21 Ιουνίου 2016 – Last update: June 21, 2016


Είκοσι ετών μόλις (γενν. 23 Μαρτίου 1995), ο Πολωνοκαναδός πιανίστας-φαινόμενο Γιαν Λισιέτσκι φημίζεται για την εκφραστικότητα και την ωριμότητα της ερμηνείας του. Δίνει ατομικά ρεσιτάλ στις μεγαλύτερες αίθουσες του κόσμου ενώ συνεργάζεται με ορχήστρες όπως η Συμφωνική του BBC, η Συμφωνική της Ραδιοφωνίας της Λειψίας, η Ακαδημία της Αγίας Καικιλίας της Ρώμης, η Ορχήστρα του Παρισιού, κλπ. Το 2012, έκανε το ντεμπούτο του με τη Φιλαρμονική της Νέας Υόρκης στο Avery Fisher Hall (τώρα έχει μετονομαστεί σε David Geffen Hall). Σε ηλικία δεκαπέντε ετών υπέγραψε αποκλειστικό συμβόλαιο συνεργασίας με την Deutsche Grammophon. Το 2010 το Ινστιτούτο Φρεντερίκ Σοπέν κυκλοφόρησε ζωντανές ηχογραφήσεις του με τα δύο Κοντσέρτα του Σοπέν (με την ορχήστρα Sinfonia της Βαρσοβίας και τον Χάουαρντ Σέλλεϋ), δίσκος που βραβεύτηκε με το Diapason Découverte. Για την Deutsche Grammophon έχει ηχογραφήσει πρόσφατα τρία ακόμη άλμπουμ: Κοντσέρτα για πιάνο No.21 και No.22 του Μότσαρτ, Études του Σοπέν, καθώς επίσης και όλα τα έργα για πιάνο και ορχήστρα του Ρόμπερτ Σούμαν, με την Ορχήστρα της Ακαδημίας της Αγίας Καικιλίας της Ρώμης υπό την διεύθυνση του Αντόνιο Παπάνο. Από τα Gramophone Awards, το 2013 του απονεμήθηκε ο τίτλος του Νέου Καλλιτέχνη της χρονιάς.



Born in Calgary, Canada, to Polish parents in 1995, Jan Lisiecki began studying piano aged five, making his orchestral debut at the age of nine. He has since performed nationally and internationally at many of world's leading concert halls, including Carnegie Hall, the Royal Albert Hall and Vienna's Konzerthaus, and with many of the world's finest conductors and orchestras. He signed with Deutsche Grammophon at the age of 15, releasing albums in 2012 and 2013, and was nominated for Juno awards for both. The New York Times has called him "a pianist who makes every note count". Highlights of the last few years include his debut with Claudio Abbado and Orchestra Mozart, his BBC Proms debut with Antonio Pappano and the Orchestra dell'Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia at the Royal Albert Hall, his debut with the Orchestra Filarmonica della Scala in Milan and engagements with the Orchestre de Paris and New York Philharmonic. April 2014 was a memorable month for Lisiecki, as he performed three different Mozart concertos in one week with the Philadelphia Orchestra under Yannick Nézet-Séguin. The highlights of 2015 include his debut with the Deutsches Symphonie-Orchester, Berlin. He has received many prestigious awards, including the Leonard Bernstein Award of the Schleswig-Holstein Musik Festival and Gramophone magazine's Young Artist of the Year Award in 2013. His performances have been widely broadcast on radio and television. In 2012, he was named UNICEF Ambassador to Canada.

Source: en.chopin.nifc.pl



































See also / Δείτε επίσης

Jan Lisiecki at Carnegie Hall with Philadelphia Orchestra under Yannick Nézet-Séguin

Frédéric Chopin: Études - Jan Lisiecki (Audio video)

Jan Lisiecki plays Ignacy Paderewski, Johann Sebastian Bach & Frederic Chopin

Frédéric Chopin: Étude Op.10, No.4, in C sharp minor - Jan Lisiecki

Robert Schumann: Piano Concerto in A minor – Jan Lisiecki, Antonio Pappano

Frédéric Chopin: 3 Études from Op.25 – Jan Lisiecki

Frédéric Chopin: Waltz in C sharp minor – Jan Lisiecki

Frédéric Chopin: Nocturne in C sharp minor – Jan Lisiecki


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