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Saturday, June 18, 2016

Dmitri Shostakovich: Cello Concerto No.2 – Truls Mørk, Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra, Francois Xavier Roth

The famous Norwegian cellist Truls Mørk plays Dmitri Shostakovich's Cello Concerto No.2 with Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra under French conductor Francois Xavier Roth. Concert master is Justyna Jara. Recorded in Gothenburg Concert Hall on May 30, 2015.

The Cello Concerto No.2, Opus 126, was written by Dmitri Shostakovich in the spring of 1966 in the Crimea. Like the first concerto, it was written for Mstislav Rostropovich, who gave the premiere in Moscow under Yevgeny Svetlanov on 25 September 1966 at the composer's 60th birthday concert. Sometimes the concerto is listed as being in the key of G, but the score gives no such indication. Along with the Eleventh String Quartet, the Preface to the Complete Works, and the Seven Romances on Texts by Alexander Blok, the Second Cello Concerto signaled the beginning of Shostakovich's late period style.

Ο διάσημος Νορβηγός βιολοντσελίστας Truls Mørk ερμηνεύει το Δεύτερο Κοντσέρτο για βιολοντσέλο του Ντμίτρι Σοστακόβιτς. Τη Συμφωνική Ορχήστρα του Γκέτεμποργκ διευθύνει ο Γάλλος αρχιμουσικός Francois Xavier Roth. Η συναυλία δόθηκε στο Μέγαρο Μουσικής του Γκέτεμποργκ στις 30 Μαΐου 2015.

Το Κοντσέρτο για βιολοντσέλο αρ. 2, έργο 126, γράφτηκε από τον Ντμίτρι Σοστακόβιτς την άνοιξη του 1966 στην Κριμαία. Όπως και το Πρώτο Κοντσέρτο για βιολοντσέλο, γράφτηκε για τον Μστισλάβ Ροστροπόβιτς ο οποίος το ερμήνευσε για πρώτη φορά στη Μόσχα στις 25 Σεπτεμβρίου του 1966, ημέρα εορτασμού των εξηκοστών γενεθλίων του συνθέτη. Μαζί με το Ενδέκατο Κουαρτέτο Εγχόρδων (έργο 122), το Preface to the Complete Works (έργο 123) και τα Επτά Ειδύλλια σε ποιήματα του Alexander Blok (έργο 127), το Δεύτερο Κοντσέρτο για βιολοντσέλο σηματοδότησε την αρχή της ώριμης περιόδου του Σοστακόβιτς.

Dmitri Shostakovich (1906-1975)

♪ Concerto for Cello and Orchestra No.2, Op.126 (1966)

i. Largo
ii. Allegretto
iii. Allegretto

Truls Mørk, cello

Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
Μουσική διεύθυνση (Conductor): Francois Xavier Roth

Gothenburg Concert Hall, May 30, 2015 (30 Μαΐου 2015)

(HD 720p)

Truls Mørk (Photo by Stéphane de Bourgies)
Norwegian cellist Truls Mørk is particularly noted for his romantic, emotional approach. His parents were professional musicians; his father was a cellist, and his mother a pianist. His parents taught him first, trying him on the piano and violin before John Mørk decided to teach Truls his own instrument, the cello. Truls liked the instrument because of its larger size, and insisted on starting his studies with the Bach Cello Suite No. 1 and the Brahms E minor Cello Sonata. "This turned out to be much more difficult than I thought it would be", he says, but he kept working at it. He says his father did not push him for fear that he would practice too much and become a musician.

At the age of 17, Mørk began studying with Frans Helmerson. Later he studied with Austrian cellist Heinrich Schiff, then in Moscow with Natalia Shakhovskaya, a pupil of Mstislav Rostropovich, whom Mørk had admired for his broad range of color and his flexible, melodic use of vibrato. Mørk dislikes the German style of even vibrato, which, he says, drains the music of its vitality.

In 1982 at the age of 21, Mørk became the first Scandinavian to win the International Moscow Tchaikovsky Competition. He also won the Naumberg Competition in New York in 1986, the Cassado Cello Competition in Florence in 1983, and the UNESCO Prize at the European Radio-Union Competition in Bratislava.

His international touring career commenced in 1989 when he was selected to travel with the Oslo Philharmonic Orchestra under Mariss Jansons on their 1994 North American tour. Since then he has appeared with many of the world's best-known orchestras and conductors, in both evergreen concertos and in new works by composers such as Pavel Haas, Krzysztof Penderecki, Hafliði Hallgrímsson, and Einojuhani Rautavaara.

Mørk is also an active chamber musician and appears frequently in festivals throughout the world. He was the founder of the International Chamber Music Festival in Stavanger, which he directed for its first 13 years.

Mørk plays a rare 1723 Domenico Montagnana cello purchased for him by the SR Bank.

Source: Joseph Stevenson (allmusic.com)

François-Xavier Roth (Photo by Marco Borggreve)
François-Xavier Roth born in Paris in November 1971, is one of the most charismatic and enterprising conductors of his generation. He is General Music Director of the City of Cologne, leading both the Gürzenich Orchestra and the Opera, and Principal Conductor of the SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden-Baden und Freiburg.

His repertoire ranges from music of the seventeenth century to contemporary work and encompasses all genres: symphonic, operatic and chamber. In 2003, he founded the innovative orchestra, Les Siècles, which performs contrasting and colourful programmes on modern and period instruments, often within the same concert. With Les Siècles, he has given concerts in France, Italy, Germany, England and Japan. To mark the centenary of The Rite of Spring, they toured the work on period instruments including performances at the BBC Proms and the Alte Oper, Frankfurt, captured in a widely acclaimed and award-winning recording. They will partner with the Pina Bausch Company for danced performances of the work in Summer 2016.

In its 70th anniversary year, he leads the SWR Sinfonieorchester Freiburg & Baden-Baden in guest visits to London (BBC Proms), Hamburg and the Lucerne and Berlin Festivals. They will complete their cycle of performances and recordings of the symphonic poems of Richard Strauss. With this orchestra he has premiered works by Philippe Manoury, Yann Robin and Georg-Friedrich Haas and collaborated with composers Wolfgang Rihm, Jörg Widmann and Helmut Lachenmann.

With a reputation for enterprising programming, his incisive approach and communication skills are valued around the world. He is working with leading orchestras including the Berlin Philharmonic, Royal Concertgebouw and Boston Symphony. Over the next two seasons he curates a series, with the London Symphony, exploring the musical legacy of the post-Romantic period.

His work in the opera house has included productions of Thomas' Mignon, Offenbach's Les Brigands and Delibes' Lakmé at the Opéra Comique in Paris, Morton Feldman's Neither at the Berlin Staatsoper and Wagner's The Flying Dutchman with Les Siècles. His first Cologne opera season includes Berlioz' Benvenuto Cellini, in a new production by La Fura dels Baus and Mozart's Don Giovanni.

Outreach projects are an important aspect of François-Xavier Roth's work. He is conductor of the ground-breaking LSO Panufnik Young Composers Scheme and, with the Festival Berlioz and Les Siècles, founded the Jeune Orchestre Européen Hector Berlioz, an orchestra-academy with its own collection of period instruments. Roth and Les Siècles devised Presto!, their own television series for France 2, attracting weekly audiences of over three million. In Cologne, he has announced initiatives to take music to new, unconventional venues and initiate collaborations with the City's cultural institutions.

Source: francoisxavierroth.com

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