Τα Κοντσέρτα για πιάνο (1929-1931) του Μωρίς Ραβέλ αποτελούν εξαίσιες εμπνεύσεις και διαμάντια του πιανιστικού ρεπερτορίου. O Guy Lelong αναφέρει ότι αν και είχαν γραφτεί πάνω κάτω την ίδια εποχή, το Κοντσέρτο για το αριστερό χέρι εμφανίζεται πιο μοντέρνο συγκριτικά με το Κοντσέρτο σε Σολ. Όντως, το δεύτερο χαρακτηρίζεται από καθαρή νεοκλασική λογική και δομή συντηρητική. Αρχικά ο συνθέτης στόχευε να συνθέσει μια βασκική εικόνα, μια ραψωδία όπου την κεντρική θέση θα έπαιρνε το φολκλόρ. Η παραδοχή ότι σκεφτόταν να γράψει στο στυλ ενός divertimento του Μότσαρτ δικαιολογεί κάπως τον τρόπο με τον οποίο συνέθεσε το "Adagio" του έργου. Τελικώς έχτισε σταθερά ένα κοντσέρτο σε τρία μέρη, ένα δυναμικό πρώτο, ένα τρυφερό δεύτερο κι ένα μοντέρνο, αστραφτερό τρίτο. Η βαθιά επιθυμία του να είναι ο ίδιος ερμηνευτής της πρώτης εκτέλεσης δεν πραγματοποιήθηκε, εξαιτίας των προβλημάτων υγείας που αντιμετώπιζε τότε. Το Κοντσέρτο σε Σολ μείζονα παρουσιάστηκε για πρώτη φορά από τη Γαλλίδα πιανίστρια Marguerite Long (1874-1966) τον Ιανουάριο του 1932 στη Salle Playel στο Παρίσι με την Ορχήστρα Lamoureux, υπό τη διεύθυνση του συνθέτη. Με τους ίδιους συντελεστές πραγματοποιήθηκε η πρώτη ηχογράφηση τρεις μήνες μετά.
Πηγή: Έφη Αγραφιώτη
One of the most engaging live performers of his generation, the multi award-winning pianist Jean-Efflam Bavouzet plays Maurice Ravel's Piano Concerto in G major with Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra under French conductor Francois Xavier Roth. Concert master is Vlad Stanculeasa. Recorded in Gothenburg Concert Hall on September 19, 2015.
The piano was Ravel's favorite instrument, and of his two extraordinary concertos, the Piano Concerto in G major was, in his opinion, "more Ravelian". Indeed, the two works are profoundly different, but without being, as Vladimir Jankélévitch observed in his book about the composer, more (or less) Ravelian than the other. Nevertheless, Ravel's opinion should not be dismissed, for it reflects his personal predilection, and, as any listener can tell, the work literally overflows with exuberance, delight, and verve. The Concerto may have been conceived in 1928, the year Ravel received his honorary doctorate from the University of Oxford. While some commentators have found the source of this Concerto in Ravel's Rhapsody on Basque themes Zazpiak bat, a project which remained unfinished, Robert de Fragny remembered that the composer had remarked that the dazzling opening theme came to him during a train ride from Oxford to London in 1928. In 1929, despite failing health, Ravel talked about a world tour on which he would perform his Concerto. While the world tour never materialized, the composer's life was sufficiently hectic, as he received a commission to compose another piano concerto, the Piano Concerto in D major (for the left hand).
Completed in November 1931, the concerto was premiered in January 1932, in a legendary performance by Marguerite Long. The sensations that this work conjures up, right from the beginning, are brightness and boundless energy. Opening with a whiplash sound, the first movement, Allegramente, proceeds rapidly, from an initial burst of light, composed of a lively piccolo tune threading through crystalline, harp-like piano figuration, to the incisive ending, traversing the many truly magical, even mysterious, moments of repose, when the piano indulges in dreamy, languid soliloquies. Delighting in the piano's expressive potential, Ravel fully employs the instrument's sonority, weaving, for example, a trill into a melody. The piano's rich and subtle discourse is magnificently matched by the orchestra, which, appearing in many guises, mimics and complements the piano, reinforcing the sensation of relentless energy by sharp, metallic, insistent statements by the trumpet. Ravel's splendid orchestration, which tempts the listener to experience this work as a brilliant, and almost self-sufficient, demonstration of sheer musical color, reflects the composer's interest in jazz, evidenced by trombone glissandi and similar effects. However, the jazz elements are profoundly Ravelian, which means that they hardly strike the listener as out of context. The remarkable second movement introduces an introspective, soulful atmosphere, seemingly quite remote from the bustle of the previous movement. A simply stated solo piano theme, of a disarming yet profoundly soulful simplicity, suggesting, perhaps, the image of a solitary promenade in the moonlight, yields to a timeless flute theme which expresses feelings of longing, sorrow, and subdued, yet clearly stated, passion. The final movement, as the piano wends its way through a series of shrieks and wails, executed by woodwind and brass instruments, affects the listener as a mounting wave of sound. A sudden, abrupt exclamation concludes the seductive cacophony of this climactic movement, and the listener experiences a desire to revisit the enchanted landscape of a musical work whose limpid formal structure contains a seemingly boundless world – without a trace of creative fatigue or ambivalence – of elegantly turned musical ideas.
Source: Zoran Minderovic (allmusic.com)
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Maurice Ravel (1875-1937)
♪ Piano Concerto in G major (1931)
ii. Adagio assai
Jean-Efflam Bavouzet, piano
Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra
Μουσική διεύθυνση (Conductor): Francois Xavier Roth
Gothenburg Concert Hall, September 19, 2015 (19 Σεπτεμβρίου 2015)
|Photo by Henry Fair|
Jean-Efflam Bavouzet was born in Lannion, France, in 1962. He studied music at the Paris Conservatory where his most important teacher was Pierre Sancan. In 1986 Bavouzet won the Beethoven International Competition in Cologne. Three years later he was given the Steven de Groote Memorial Award for best chamber music performance at the Van Cliburn Competition.
While Bavouzet enjoyed reasonable success in the wake of these triumphs, including his appearance on a 1993 Accord CD of works by Stockhausen, his major breakthrough came in 1995 when he debuted with the Orchestre de Paris at the invitation of Georg Solti. In a 1998 concert with the Orchestre de Paris, Bavouzet collaborated with Pierre Boulez, a conductor with whom he would make many subsequent appearances, both in France and abroad.
In the new century Bavouzet's career has continued on the ascent, not least because of his considerable activity in the recording studio. He recorded the complete piano works of Ravel to acclaim for MD&G in 2003. Bavouzet began recording for Chandos in 2006, and his initial project for the label, the complete piano works of Debussy, was issued on five discs from 2007-2009, the critics broadly approving each release. Bavouzet distinguished himself further when in March 2009 he played the challenging five Prokofiev concertos over two concerts with the Warsaw Philharmonic Orchestra and conductor Antoni Wit.
In September 2009 Bavouzet premiered a work dedicated to him, the Bruno Mantovani piano concerto, The Book of Jeb, at the Piano aux Jacobins International Festival in Toulouse. Bavouzet's 2011 schedule included a tour of the U.S. with the National Orchestra of France and Daniele Gatti. Vol. 2 of Bavouzet's acclaimed Haydn piano sonata cycle was issued by Chandos in 2011.
Source: Robert Cummings (allmusic.com)
François-Xavier Roth born in Paris in November 1971, is one of the most charismatic and enterprising conductors of his generation. He is General Music Director of the City of Cologne, leading both the Gürzenich Orchestra and the Opera, and Principal Conductor of the SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden-Baden und Freiburg.
His repertoire ranges from music of the seventeenth century to contemporary work and encompasses all genres: symphonic, operatic and chamber. In 2003, he founded the innovative orchestra, Les Siècles, which performs contrasting and colourful programmes on modern and period instruments, often within the same concert. With Les Siècles, he has given concerts in France, Italy, Germany, England and Japan. To mark the centenary of The Rite of Spring, they toured the work on period instruments including performances at the BBC Proms and the Alte Oper, Frankfurt, captured in a widely acclaimed and award-winning recording. They will partner with the Pina Bausch Company for danced performances of the work in Summer 2016.
In its 70th anniversary year, he leads the SWR Sinfonieorchester Freiburg & Baden-Baden in guest visits to London (BBC Proms), Hamburg and the Lucerne and Berlin Festivals. They will complete their cycle of performances and recordings of the symphonic poems of Richard Strauss. With this orchestra he has premiered works by Philippe Manoury, Yann Robin and Georg-Friedrich Haas and collaborated with composers Wolfgang Rihm, Jörg Widmann and Helmut Lachenmann.
With a reputation for enterprising programming, his incisive approach and communication skills are valued around the world. He is working with leading orchestras including the Berlin Philharmonic, Royal Concertgebouw and Boston Symphony. Over the next two seasons he curates a series, with the London Symphony, exploring the musical legacy of the post-Romantic period.
His work in the opera house has included productions of Thomas' Mignon, Offenbach's Les Brigands and Delibes' Lakmé at the Opéra Comique in Paris, Morton Feldman's Neither at the Berlin Staatsoper and Wagner's The Flying Dutchman with Les Siècles. His first Cologne opera season includes Berlioz' Benvenuto Cellini, in a new production by La Fura dels Baus and Mozart's Don Giovanni.
Outreach projects are an important aspect of François-Xavier Roth's work. He is conductor of the ground-breaking LSO Panufnik Young Composers Scheme and, with the Festival Berlioz and Les Siècles, founded the Jeune Orchestre Européen Hector Berlioz, an orchestra-academy with its own collection of period instruments. Roth and Les Siècles devised Presto!, their own television series for France 2, attracting weekly audiences of over three million. In Cologne, he has announced initiatives to take music to new, unconventional venues and initiate collaborations with the City's cultural institutions.
More photos / Περισσότερες φωτογραφίες
See also / Δείτε επίσης
Gothenburg Symphony Orchestra – All the posts
Maurice Ravel: Piano Concerto in G major – Hélène Grimaud, Chamber Orchestra of Europe, Vladimir Jurowski (HD 1080p)
Maurice Ravel: Piano Concerto for the Left Hand in D major – Alexandre Tharaud, BBC Philharmonic, Juanjo Mena