The International Tchaikovsky Competition, first held more than 50 years ago, is not only a valuable asset of Russian musical culture but is also one of the major events in the international music community. The International Tchaikovsky Competition is held once every four years
The first, in 1958, included two disciplines – piano and violin. Beginning with the second competition, in 1962, a cello category was added, and the vocal division was introduced during the third competition in 1966. In 1990, a fifth discipline was announced for the IX International Tchaikovsky Competition – a contest for violin makers which was held before the main competition.
The XV International Tchaikovsky Competition was held in Moscow and St Petersburg from June 15 to July 3, 2015, and was dedicated to the 175th anniversary of the great Russian composer.
In the competition participated more than 600 artists from 45 countries.
On the jury for piano was the distinguished pianists Dmitri Bashkirov, Boris Berezovsky, Michel Béroff, Peter Donohoe, Sergei Dorensky, Barry Douglas, Denis Matsuev, Vladimir Ovchinnikov, Alexander Toradze, Vladimir Feltsman, Klaus Hellwig, and the founder and director of the Verbier International Festival and Academy, Martin Engström.
The pianists competing at the XV International Tchaikovsky Competition must perform, during the second round of the Competition, one of the seven piano concertos written by Mozart and selected by the Competition.
The undated A major Piano Concerto of late 1782 was the first of 15 that Mozart composed, mainly for his own use, before the end of 1786. Infused throughout with his special genius, these concertos became (and remain) unparalleled in Western music as a body of work, all the more astounding given the chronologically brief span in which he created them.
In the late spring of 1781, Mozart succeeded in breaking free from Hieronymous Colloredo – the haughty and parsimonious prince-archbishop of Salzburg, in whose service he felt stultified – determined to make his fortune in Vienna. If his income over the next decade did not regularly reflect the quality or quantity of music that Mozart produced, he did become famous. For four years the fickle Hapsburg capital proclaimed him its favorite pianist until, in 1786, The Marriage of Figaro triggered his fall from grace.
The patronage of his Empire's aristocracy supported Mozart after 1782 as a concert artist, publisher, piano teacher, and soloist at their soirées. When the anti-aristocratic Figaro seemed to bite this feeding hand, it was withdrawn – a situation grimly worsened by the Ottoman armies' 1788 attack on the southeastern flank of the Hapsburg' Holy Roman Empire. Music lost its priority in Vienna, then fell largely silent when Joseph II died in 1790, of a disease contracted in the field.
Early in the decade, Mozart had written the Concerto No.12 along with Nos. 11 and 13, completing them in that order for his debut concerts of 1783 (during Lent, when theaters and the opera went dark by decree until Easter). He described their character in a letter to his father dated December 28, 1782, as "...a happy medium between what is too easy and too difficult; they are very brilliant to the ear, and natural, without being vapid. There are passages here and there from which connoisseurs alone can derive satisfaction; but these passages are written in such a way that the less discriminating cannot fail to be pleased, though without knowing why".
He could have remarked, too, on their thematic abundance – there are no fewer than six major subjects in the first movement alone of No.12, two of which are new in the development section. Charles Rosen has pointed out in The Classical Style that here, as well as in later concertos, "Mozart uses melodies at once so complex and so complete that they do not bear the weight of [further] development". Because he hoped to sell the three concertos for home performance with string quartet, he scored No.12 lightly – the orchestra consists of just two oboes, two horns, and strings. The middle movement is a solemn, sonata-structured Andante in D major with a minor-key development. Its main subject is taken from an overture by Johann Christian Bach, Mozart's childhood friend and teacher, who had died on January 1, 1782 – "a sad day for the world of music", wrote the boy-prodigy, now grown to manhood. The final movement is an Allegretto rondo, no less genial for being gentle, with a refrain in 2/4 time built on three motifs and contrapuntal complexities that are submerged in a delightfully light exterior in the way that only Mozart could. Here as elsewhere in the A major Concerto, cadenzas are by the composer; the soloist may choose from among several.
Source: Roger Dettmer (allmusic.com)
Ο 15ος Διεθνής Διαγωνισμός Τσαϊκόφσκι, ο οποίος ήταν αφιερωμένος στην 175η επέτειο από τη γέννηση του μεγάλου Ρώσου συνθέτη, πραγματοποιήθηκε στη Μόσχα και στην Αγία Πετρούπολη από τις 15 Ιουνίου έως τις 3 Ιουλίου 2015.
Στο πλαίσιο του δεύτερου γύρου – στο δεύτερο από τα δύο στάδια – του διαγωνισμού στην κατηγορία του πιάνου, ο Ρώσος πιανίστας Sergei Redkin (γενν. 1991), ο οποίος μοιράστηκε την τρίτη θέση με τον επίσης Ρώσο Daniel Kharitonov, ερμήνευσε το Κοντσέρτο για πιάνο αρ. 12 σε Λα μείζονα, K.414, του Βόλφγκανγκ Αμαντέους Μότσαρτ. Την Ορχήστρα Δωματίου Οι Σολίστ της Μόσχας διηύθυνε ο 27χρονος Βέλγος πιανίστας και αρχιμουσικός Ayrton Desimpelaere.
Το ρεσιτάλ έλαβε χώρα στη Μεγάλη Αίθουσα του Ωδείου της Μόσχας, στις 24 Ιουνίου 2015.
Ο Διεθνής Διαγωνισμός Τσαϊκόφσκι, ο οποίος πραγματοποιείται κάθε τέσσερα χρόνια, είναι ίσως ο σημαντικότερος διαγωνισμός στο χώρο της κλασικής μουσικής. Ο διαγωνισμός διοργανώθηκε για πρώτη φορά το 1958, περιλαμβάνοντας μόνο δύο κατηγορίες: του βιολιού και του πιάνου. Το 1962, στη δεύτερη διοργάνωση, προστέθηκε η κατηγορία του βιολοντσέλου, ενώ στην τρίτη διοργάνωση του διαγωνισμού, το 1966, προστέθηκε ακόμη η κατηγορία της φωνής.
Στον 15ο Διαγωνισμό, το 2015, συμμετείχαν περισσότεροι από εξακόσιοι καλλιτέχνες από 45 χώρες, οι οποίοι διαγωνίστηκαν και στις τέσσερεις κατηγορίες: πιάνο, βιολί, βιολοντσέλο και φωνή.
Την κριτική επιτροπή για την κατηγορία του πιάνου αποτελούσαν οι διακεκριμένοι πιανίστες Dmitri Bashkirov, Boris Berezovsky, Michel Béroff, Peter Donohoe, Sergei Dorensky, Barry Douglas, Denis Matsuev, Vladimir Ovchinnikov, Alexander Toradze, Vladimir Feltsman, Klaus Hellwig, καθώς επίσης και ο Martin Engström, ιδρυτής και διευθυντής του Διεθνούς Φεστιβάλ και της Ακαδημίας του Βερμπιέρ.
XV International Tchaikovsky Competition, 2015, Piano / Round 2, Second stage
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791)
♪ Piano Concerto No.12 in A major, K.414 (1782)
iii. Rondeau. Allegretto
Moscow Soloists Chamber Orchestra
Conductor: Ayrton Desimpelaere
Great Hall of the Moscow Conservatory, June 24, 2015
* Third place was shared by Sergei Redkin and Daniel Kharitonov
Sergei Redkin was born in Krasnoyarsk, Siberia, on October 27, 1991. He began to play the piano at the age of five. At the age of six he began to study at the Music Lyceum of Krasnoyarsk, in the class of Galina Boguslavskaya. At the same time he began to study improvisation and composition with Eduard Markaich.
In year 2004, after becoming a laureat of the International Gavrilin competition of young composers in Saint Petersburg, Sergei continued his education at the Special Music School of the Saint Petersburg Conservatory, in the class of Olga Kurnavina. At that time Sergei won his first several prizes at competitions for young pianists, such as Rachmaninov competition (Saint Petersburg, 2005, First prize) and Chopin competition (Estonia, 2006, Grand prix). Sergei also played his first solo recitals in Russia and abroad, getting engagements from Germany, Switzerland, Poland.
Simultaneously Sergei studied composition under prof. Alexander Mnatsakanyan, one of the last students of great Shostakovich. Among the young composer's works you can find a string quartet, a trio for winds, chamber music, a lot of music for piano. Suite for cello and piano won the First prize at the young composers' competition in Saint Petersburg in 2007.
In 2008 Sergei was honored to receive the Maestro Temirkanov Award as one of the best students of Saint Petersburg Special Music School.
In year 2009 Sergei successfully passed his entrance exams and became a student of prof. Alexander Sandler at the Saint Petersburg state Rimsky-Korsakov Conservatory. He also continued his composition studies under prof. Mnatsakanyan.
During the year 2011 with the support of St Petersburg House of Music Sergei Redkin trained at the famous International Lake Como Piano Academy in Italy, studying under such musicians as William Grant Nabore, Dmitry Bashkirov, Peter Frankl, Fou Ts'ong among others.
In year 2012 Sergei became the winner of III International Maj Lind competition in Helsinki, in 2013 – the winner of VI International Prokofiev competition in Saint Petersburg. In 2015 Sergei Redkin won the Third prize and the Bronze medal at the XV International Tchaikovsky competition in Moscow.
Currently Sergei is continuing his studies under prof. Sandler in Saint Petersburg Conservatory. In 2016 he's playing his first concerts in New York, Mexico and Paris (all with Maestro Valery Gergiev and Mariinsky Theatre Orchestra), touring with solo recitals throughout the world, from Portugal and Israel to Vladivostok and Yakutsk, taking part at prestigious classical music festivals, playing a lot of chamber music and composing in the meantime.
Sergei Redkin, piano / third prize
Sergei Redkin plays Johann Sebastian Bach, Franz Schubert / Franz Liszt & Sergei Prokofiev – XV International Tchaikovsky Competition, 2015, Piano / Round 2, First stage
Sergei Redkin plays Bach, Beethoven, Chopin, Liszt, Rachmaninov & Tchaikovsky – XV International Tchaikovsky Competition, 2015, Piano / Round 1
Daniel Kharitonov, piano / third prize
Daniel Kharitonov – All the posts
Haik Kazazyan, violin / third prize
Haik Kazazyan – All the posts
Yu-Chien Tseng, violin / second prize
Yu-Chien Tseng – All the posts
Lucas Debargue, piano / fourth prize
Lucas Debargue – All the posts
The winners of the XV International Tchaikovsky Competition, 2015