Thursday, April 20, 2017
Johann Sebastian Bach: Chaconne from Partita for Solo Violin No.2, BWV 1004, arr. fof cello – Peter Schmidt
German-American cellist Peter Schmidt plays Johann Sebastian Bach's Chaconne from Partita for Solo Violin No.2, BWV 1004 (Cello arrangement). Recorded in July 2012 in Düsseldorf.
A chaconne (ciaccona in the Italian form, which Bach used) is basically a set of continuous variations over a repeating harmonic pattern (and/or its bass line). This protean one moves in the rhythm of a sarabande (in 3/4, with the weight on the dotted second beat). It is in three-part form, with an exalted middle section in the parallel major.
"On one stave, for a small instrument, the man writes a whole world of the deepest thoughts and most powerful feelings", Brahms wrote to Clara Schumann about the Chaconne. "If I imagined that I could have created, even conceived the piece, I am quite certain that the excess of excitement and earth-shattering experience would have driven me out of my mind."
The Chaconne has inspired reworking by later musicians in a multitude of transcriptions and arrangements, and has prompted extravagant ideas about the inner nature of its mysteries. The German musicologist Helga Thoene has developed a theory that the Chaconne is in fact a tombeau, a memorial piece for Bach's first wife, Maria Barbara, who died in 1720 unexpectedly while Bach was away with his employer, Prince Leopold of Cöthen. In her theory, which has been realized in several recorded arrangements, the Chaconne includes many references to pertinent chorales.
Source: J. H. (laphil.com)
Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)
♪ Chaconne from Partita for Solo Violin No.2, BWV 1004 (1717-1720), arr. fof cello
Peter Schmidt, cello
Partika-Saal der Robert Schumann Hochschule Düsseldorf, July 9, 2012
German-American cellist Peter Schmidt, born in Saarbrücken in 1983, is invited to play as soloist and chamber musician throughout Europe, the United States, Colombia and Mexico. He is a regular guest at international festivals such as Podium Festival Esslingen, the Festival Mas y Mas in Barcelona, Músics en Residència Alella, Encuentro de Musica de Camara UNICACH and Paaxfest in Mexico. In 2013 he recorded a CD with the works for cello and piano by Pablo Casals with pianist Katia Michel for the label Klassic Cat. He is artistic director of the chamber music festival Pòdium Internacional Matadepera, which took place for the first time in 2014. Peter performs as soloist with orchestras such as the Neue Philharmonie Westfalen, the Budweis Philharmonic Orchestra, the Konstanz University Orchestra, the Munich International Orchestra and the A-Orchester der Bundeswehr.
At the age of five he began his musical studies, first with piano lessons and three years later with cello lessons. At the age of 16 he was accepted into the class of Markus Wagner in the Musikhochschule Nürnberg-Augsburg. In 2007 he finished his studies at the Musikhochschule Munich with Wen-Sinn Yang and in 2010 received a chamber music degree with special honors from the Musikhochschule Detmold, where he studied with members of the Auryn Quartet. In 2012 he was awarded a prestigious Konzertexamen degree with special honors from the Robert-Schumann-Hochschule in Düsseldorf, where he studied with Gregor Horsch, principal cellist of the Concertgebouw Orchestra Amsterdam. He has taken part in master classes with Claude Starck, Wolfgang Boettcher, Gustav Rivinius, Jens-Peter Maintz, Frans Helmersson, Eberhard Feltz, Menahem Pressler, Andras Schiff, Arnold Steinhardt and Ana Chumachenco among others.
Peter Schmidt combines his activities as a performer with those as a teacher. He was assistant teacher at the Master Classes for Chamber Music, Violin, Viola and Cello in Groznjan, Croatia in 2009. Since 2010 he has been invited on several occasions by the Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas, Mexico to give master classes and concerts; in 2012 he conducted a master class for cello and chamber music at the Conservatori del Liceu in Barcelona, in 2013 he gave classes at the Robert-Schumann-Hochschule Düsseldorf, substituting for his former teacher Gregor Horsch and in 2014 he was invited to give master classes at the Universidad Nacional de Colombia in Bogotá.
Johann Sebastian Bach: Cello Suite No.4 in E flat major, BWV 1010 – Peter Schmidt
Johann Sebastian Bach: Cello Suite No.3 in C major, BWV 1009 – Peter Schmidt
Johann Sebastian Bach: Cello Suite No.2 in D minor, BWV 1008 – Peter Schmidt
Johann Sebastian Bach: Cello Suite No.1 in G major, BWV 1007 – Peter Schmidt