Accompanied by the New York Classical Players under the baton of the South Korean conductor Dongmin Kim, the American cellist Alice Yoo performs Joseph Haydn's Cello Concerto No.2 in D major. The concert was recorded at Church of the Heavenly Rest, New York City, on February 19, 2017.
Dating from 1783, this Concerto not only brilliantly exploits the resources of the cello, using double-stops, octaves, and high-register passagework, but also rewards the listener with music of extraordinary beauty and elegance. Perhaps composed for Anton Kraft, the principal cellist at the Esterházy court during the 1780s, the Concerto was even regarded as Kraft's work. However, the discovery, in 1951, of Haydn's autograph finally settled the issue of authorship.
A more relaxed work than Haydn's effervescent C major Cello Concerto, which was composed in the early 1760s, this Concerto starts with a long, rich orchestral exposition, in which the principal themes of the first movement (Allegro moderato) are presented. The first theme introduces a mood of delightful repose which is slightly modified, but not interrupted, by the pleasing chromaticism of the second theme. When the soloist reiterates the first theme, adding beautiful, and technically demanding, ornamentation, the listener is able to enjoy the balanced, mellifluous interplay between the soloist and the orchestral accompaniment. Haydn's ritornellos are lengthy, particularly the second one, but critics who bemoan the length of this movement seem to ignore the sheer esthetic pleasure that Haydn's music, in concise or elaborate form, provides. While the development section imposes a variety of technical demands on the cellist, whose left hand literally races up and down the fingerboard, this part of the movement contains many passages of enchanting lyricism.
In the Adagio, which the soloist opens opens with an expansive, almost dreamy, theme, the feeling of tranquillity is maintained. Yet, as in the first movement, what the composer conveys to the listener is not languor, but a realization that intuitions of wisdom and beauty can, and sometimes must, be savored slowly, even if that offends the impatient listener. Reminiscent of a gentle, unassuming operatic aria, the main theme is presented three times, enabling the soloist to express the main musical idea in different manners. These reiterations of the theme maintain the flow, so to speak, of the musical discourse. Once the orchestra softly restates the opening tune, the cello indulges in a quiet cadenza and leads the orchestra into a brief coda.
The final Allegro is a rondo revolving around a bright pastoral tune of an almost childlike simplicity. The cello moves through the musical landscape with jaunty rhythms and intricate passagework. On its second entrance, the pastoral theme appears in a minor mode, which gives the soloist an opportunity to perform ascending arpeggio-like figurations leading to another cadenza. The main theme regains its sunny nature for a last appearance, which surrounds virtuosic passagework for the cello. However, there is more to this movement than a fanciful blend of pastoral motifs and flashy virtuosity: the technically involved elaborations of the theme reveal musical ideas and feelings of remarkable depth and intensity.
Source: Rovi Staff (allmusic.com)
Joseph Haydn (1732-1809)
♪ Cello Concerto No.2 in D major, Hob.VIIb:2, Op.101 (1783)
i. Allegro Moderato [00:07]*
ii Adagio [16:19]
iii. Rondo. Allegro [22:13]
Alice Yoo, cello
The New York Classical Players
Conductor: Dongmin Kim
Church of the Heavenly Rest, New York City, February 19, 2017
(4K Ultra High Definition)
* Start time of each part
Cellist Alice Yoo has been warmly hailed for her sensitive musicianship, expressive nuance, and passionate commitment to teaching. She has performed extensively throughout the United States and abroad as a soloist, recitalist, and chamber musician, performing in prestigious venues such as New York's Weill and Zankel Hall, Boston's Jordan Hall, and the Kennedy Center in Washington, D.C.
An active chamber musician, Alice has collaborated with distinguished artists including Itzhak Perlman, Mitsuko Uchida, Dénes Varjon, Donald Weilerstein, Pamela Frank, Miriam Fried, Midori Goto, Kim Kashkashian, Jonathan Biss, and members of the Cleveland, Guaneri, and Juilliard Quartets. She has been invited to esteemed festivals including Marlboro Music Festival, Ravinia Festival's Steans Institute, Music@Menlo, Caramoor Evnin Rising Stars, and IMS Prussia Cove Open Chamber Music. In the 2017 and 2018 seasons, she will appear on tour with Musicians from Marlboro.
From 2012-2014, Alice was a member of Ensemble ACJW, a program of Carnegie Hall, the Juilliard School of Music, and the Weill Music Institute in partnership with the New York City Department of Education. As a member of Ensemble ACJW, Alice performed in venues such as Carnegie Hall, SubCulture, Trinity Wall Street, as well as in treatment facilities and schools in all five boroughs of New York City.
Alice was faculty of cello and chamber music of Bard College's Preparatory Division from 2012-2015, and regularly appears with premiere ensembles including the New York Classical Players, East Coast Chamber Orchestra, and Grammy nominated ensembles A Far Cry, The Knights, and Metropolis Ensemble.
As winner of the USC 2009 String Concerto Competition, Alice performed Samuel Barber's Cello Concerto with the USC Chamber Orchestra under the baton of Jorge Mester with the performance later featured on KUSC radio. She has won top prizes in the Holland-America Music Society Competition, Schadt International String Competition, and Klein International String Competition. Alice has appeared as soloist with the USC Chamber Orchestra, Cleveland Philharmonic, Billings Symphony, and the Bozeman Symphony. Her performances have been featured and broadcasted on Los Angeles' KUSC, Chicago's WFMT, and Boston's WGBH.
Passionate for new music, Alice has worked closely with many esteemed composers such as Sophia Gubaidulina, Jennifer Hidgon, Samuel Carl Adams, and Andy Akiho. She has recently recorded Pierre Jalbert's String Trio for Music at Copland House and the music of Andy Akiho with producer Judith Sherman.
A native of Bozeman, Montana, Alice studied with Dr. Ilse-Mari Lee and was a pupil of Richard Aaron in the Cleveland Institute of Music's Young Artist Program. She earned a Bachelor of Music Degree from the New England Conservatory, studying with Paul Katz. Under the tutelage of Ralph Kirshbuam, she received a Post-Graduate diploma from the Royal Northern College of Music in Manchester, England and a Masters Degree from the University of Southern California's Thornton School of Music.
Alice currently resides in Denver, Colorado and performs with the Colorado Symphony.
Conductor Dongmin Kim is the founder and Music Director of the New York Classical Players (NYCP). He is quickly establishing himself as one of the most exciting and versatile conductors of his generation. He is holding the Music Director position of the New York Classical Players; a New York-based professional chamber orchestra of today's most gifted young instrumentalists.
Since NYCP's founding in 2010, Mr. Kim had led the ensemble in nearly 80 concerts in the greater New York City metropolitan area. NYCP's guest artists have included such renowned musicians as Cho-Liang Lin, Chee-Yun, Mark Kosower, Alex Kerr, Stefan Jackiw, Kim Kashkashian, Charles Neidich, Peter Wiley and Richard O'Neill. In 2014, Mr. Kim led NYCP in its first national tour, appearing with esteemed soprano Sumi Jo to audiences across the country.
Guest artists for the 2016-2017 season include Clara-Jumi Kang, Brandon Ridenour, Jasmine Choi and Ricardo Rivera, and soloists drawn from within the ensemble; Michael Katz, Alice Yoo, Madeline Fayette, and Bomsori Kim. This season also demonstrates Mr. Kim's commitement to contemporary works, with NYCP premiering works including Jennifer Hidden, Dobrinka Tabakova, Teddy Niedermaier, and Texu Kim.
Highlights of Mr. Kim's career include appearances as guest conductor of the National Symphony Orchestra at the Kennedy Center as well as a series of sold-out performances of The Magic Flute with the Seoul Arts Center Festival Orchestra. He been on the podium with the orchestras of Florida, Minnesota and Philadelphia, the Baltimore, Indianapolis, Jacksonville, Memphis, San Antonio, Virginia and Winnipeg symphonies, as well as the Orquesta Filarmonica de la UNAM, the Rheinland-Pfalz State Philharmonic and the Ensemble Zandonai.
Mr. Kim was awarded the distinguished Herbert von Karajan Fellowship, which resulted in a residency with the Wien Philharmonic Orchestra at the Salzburg Music Festival. For the 2005-2006 season, he was the Schmidt Conducting Fellow at the Indianapolis Symphony. In this capacity, he worked with renowned conductors and performing artists Andrew Litton, Raymond Leppard, Mario Venzago, Christoph Poppen, Lynn Harrell, André Watts, Garrick Ohlsson, and Lang Lang.
A keen advocate of contemporary music, Mr. Kim has premiered over 50 compositions. He has led various contemporary ensembles in performances, readings and recording of new compositions, a highlight of which was the first performance of P.Q. Phan's opera, Lorenzo de Medici in 2007. Mr. Kim has also collaborated with leading composers such as George Crumb, Harrison Birtwistle, David Dzubay, Don Freund, Edward Smaldone, Wei-Chieh Lin and Clint Needham.
Mr. Kim is also a noted violist, having held principal positions at the Pacific Music Festival Orchestra under baton of Michael Tilson-Thomas, Seoul's Yonsei Symphony Orchestra and the Indiana University Symphony Orchestra. He was the first violist to win First Prize in the Yonsei Symphony Orchestra Concerto Competition, which resulted in a solo appearance with the orchestra. As a recitalist and chamber musician, Mr. Kim has performed throughout the United States as well as in Korea, Japan, Hong Kong, and Singapore. He studied the viola with Alan de Veritch, Paul Neubauer, James Dunham, Yozhak Schotten, YongYoon Kim and SeungYong Choi, and his chamber music mentors include members of the Beaux Arts Trio and the Cleveland, Juilliard, Mendelssohn, Orion, and Tokyo String Quartets, and Janos Starker. Mr. Kim's conducting mentors include Kurt Masur, Lorin Maazel, Christoph Eschenbach, Leonard Slatkin, Sergiu Comissiona, and Gustav Meier.
A native of Seoul, Korea, Mr. Kim studied Orchestral Conducting under David Effron, Thomas Baldner and Imre Pallo at the Jacobs School of Music at Indiana University (IU), where he taught the graduate conducting courses and served as music director of the IU All-Campus Orchestra. He also served as the assistant conductor of the IU Opera Theater and the IU New Music Ensemble. Prior to his studies in the United States, Mr. Kim graduated from Yonsei University, where he was awarded the Music Merit Scholarship. Mr. Kim currently resides in New York with his wife, Sally S. Yang.
The New York Classical Players (NYCP) is the region's only professional orchestra sharing exclusively free performances. Comprised of creative and virtuosic young musicians, NYCP's adventurous programming shares familiar masterpieces, bold new commissions, and unexpected musical treasures. Each season, thousands of NYCP concertgoers experience both the dynamic power of the orchestral repertoire and the versatile intimacy of chamber performance. NYCP is proud to collaborate with some of the world's most renowned musicians, including Kim Kashkashian, Cho-Liang Lin, Stefan Jackiw, Sumi Jo, Alex Kerr, Donald Weilerstein, and Chee-Yun, and is under the baton of Music Director and Founder Dongmin Kim.
Joseph Haydn: Cello Concerto No.1 in C major – Michael Katz, New York Classical Players, Dongmin Kim (4K Ultra High Definition)